Ringleader:
Hugo Ball
Typical Scene:
Cacophonous performances at the Cabaret Voltaire, as described by Hans Arp: Our replies to laughter are volleys of hiccups, moos and the miaowing of medieval Bruitists.
Media Stunt:
Fake press release announcing a duel between Dada Manifesto author Tristan Tzara and Arp.
Slogan
Dada m'dada dada mhm, dada dera dada, dada Hue, dada Tza.
Act of Protest:
Evenings of antiwar performances featuring tribal chants and readings of obituaries.
Signature Work:
Arp's collages of torn paper arranged by chance.

Something like this (in 1916), but anything would go. As long as it produces noise.
The most radical application of mechanical noise in avant garde art, specially music.

Year / Artwork Title Importance Medium
1920 La Nourrice Americaine (Fast and Slow Version) 3.50 stars CD
Salzman Comments:
A couple years back, MIT Press published an extraordinary and highly entertaining collection of poems by one of the most fascinating French artists of the 20th century, Francis Picabia. Entitled I Am a Beautiful Monster, it garnered a review in the Nation by critic Barry Schwabsky, whose first paragraph paraphrasing the book's translator Marc Lowenthals' introduction to the artists' character I can't resist not paraphrasing here: Overgrown infant, true reactionary, scandalmongering nihilist, egoist, facile, treacherous, self-promoter, neurasthenic, drug-addict, unoriginal, plagiarist. None of that is necessarily germane to the album at hand, I just happened to find it to be pretty funny. What is interesting is that you can add composer to this enormously complex artist's manifold talents and traits. "La Nourrice Americaine" (The American Nurse) was written in 1920 during Picabia's Dada phase, and was premiered that May in Paris for the Festival Dada at the respectable concert hall Salle Gaveau, alongside other Dadaist musical works. (Michael Klausman)

Tom Feldschuh - Piano

Compilation The Art of Noises 4.00 stars CD
Salzman Comments:
Historic recordings and modern interpretations:

1. Definizione Di Futurismo - Filippo Tommaso Marinetti
2. L'aspettaazione - Francesco Balilla Pratella
3. La Battaglia - Francesco Balilla Pratella
4. La Vittoria - Francesco Balilla Pratella
5. La Battaglia Di Adrianopoli - Filippo Tommaso Marinetti
6. Risveglio Di Una Citta - Luigi Russolo
7. Gorgogliatore (Gurgler) - Luigi Russolo
8. Ronzatore (Buzzer) - Luigi Russolo
9. Ululatore (Hooter) - Luigi Russolo
10. Crepitatore (Crackler) - Luigi Russolo
11. Corale - Antonio Russola
12. Serenata - Antonio Russolo
13. Sintesi Musicali Futuristiche - Aldo Giuntinifilippo
14. The India Rubber Man (Fortrot) - Aldo Giuntini
15. Aeroduello (Dinamosintesi) - Luigi Grandi
16. Two Preludes From 'Gli Stati D'Animo' - Silvio Mix
17. Profilo Sintetico- Musicale Di Marinetti - Silvio Mix
18. Prelude To 'Prigionieri' - Franco Casavola
19. Danza Della Scimmie - Franco Casavola
20. Pupazzetti - Alfredo Casella
21. Parole In Liberta - Filippo Tommaso Marinetti
22. Futurist Caprice - Frank Signorelli
23. Cinque Sintesi Radiofoniche - Filippo Tommaso Marinetti
Compilation Futurism & Dada Reviewed 4.00 stars CD
Salzman Comments:
Historic recordings and modern interpretations:

1. Risveglio di una Citta - Luigi Russolo
2. Corale - Antonio Russolo
3. Sintesi Musicali Futuriste - FT Marinette
4. Serenta - Antonio Russolo
5. La Battagli de Adrianpoli - FT Marinette
6. Definizione de Futurismo - FT Marinette
7. Cavalli + Acciaio - Luigi Grandi
8. End of the Enemy Interlude - Wyndham Lewis
9. Le Pont Mirabeau - Guillaume Apollinaire
10. L'Amiral Cherche Une Maison A Louer - T.Tzara / M.Janco / R.Huelsenbeck
11. La Mariee Mise A Nu....Meme - Marcel Duchamp
12. Inventing Dada - Richard Huelsenbeck
13. Dada into Surrealism - T. Tzara
14. Die Sonate In Urlauten - Kurt Schwitters
15. La Toison d'or - Jean Cocteau
16. Les Voleurs D'Enfants - Jean Cocteau
17. La Mariee Mise A Nu....Meme - Marcel Duchamp

Compilation Festival Dada Paris - Soirée du coeur a barbe 4.00 stars CD
Salzman Comments:
Soirée Du Coeur A Barbe: Festival Dada Paris is based on the piano repertoire performed at two landmark Dada events in Paris, namely the Festival Dada on 26 May 1920, and the infamous Soirée Du Coeur A Barbe on 6 July 1923, an event disrupted by violent confrontation between Tristan Tzara's Dada faction and Surrealists lead by Andre Breton.
Music from the 1920 event includes two pieces by Georges Ribemont-Dessaignes as well as The American Nurse by Francis Picabia, the latter described as 'three notes repeated to infinity'. Pieces performed at the riotous 1923 soirée include two fox-trots by Georges Auric and Darius Milhaud (both members of the celebrated group Les Six), Trois Morceaux En Forme De Poire by Erik Satie (performed in person by the composer on the night), and Three Easy Pieces by Igor Stravinsky.

ERIK SATIE Trois Morceaux En Forme De Poire
DARIUS MILHAUD Caramel Mou (shimmy)
GEORGES AURIC Adieu, New York (Fox-trot)
IGOR STRAVINSKY Trois Pièces Faciles a Quatre Mains
GEORGES RIBEMONT-DESSAIGNES Le Nombril Interlope
FRANCIS PICABIA La Nourrice Amèricaine (fast)
GEORGES RIBEMONT-DESSAIGNES Pas De La Chicorée Frisée
ERIK SATIE Le Piège De Méduse
E.L.T. MESENS Drie Composities Voor Klavier
MARCEL DUCHAMP Musical Erratum
FRANCIS PICABIA La Nourrice Américaine (slowt)
IGOR STRAVINSKY Rag-Time (1925 recording by Marcelle Meyer)
IGOR STRAVINSKY Le Pelican (fox-trot) (wax cylinder recording)

Always described in detail in texts on the history of Dada and Surrealism, the music performed at these events is rarely heard, and remarkably this CD marks the first ever recordings of these compositions by Ribemont-Dessaignes, Picabia and Mesens. All were researched and performed for the project by virtuoso Dutch pianist Peter Beijersbergen van Henegouwen. The booklet includes detailed liner notes by James Hayward, as well as archive images.

Compilation Voices of Dada 4.50 stars CD
Salzman Comments:
The CD features interviews and phonetic poetry by six key figures of the celebrated Dada movement (1916-1923), as follows:
MARCEL DUCHAMP: two extended interviews with the master theorist recorded in 1959, and a reading from A l'infinitif (1967), TRISTAN TZARA: a 1948 recording of his poem Pour compte, KURT SCHWITTERS: recordings from 1932 of his best known phonetic poems, Die Sonata in Urlauten and Anna Blume, RICHARD HEULSENBECK: an extended interview from 1959, plus a reading from Phantastiche Gebete (Fantastic Prayers), 1967, RAOUL HAUSMANN: three phonetic poems written in 1918 and recorded in 1956, plus a colourful interview from 1959, HANS ARP: a rare 1961 Recording of Dada-sprueche.

HANS ARP Dada-Sprueche
RICHARD HUELSENBECK Interview
RICHARD HUELSENBECK Phantastische Gebete
MARCEL DUCHAMP Interview #1
KURT SCHWITTERS Die Sonata In Urlauten
MARCEL DUCHAMP A L'Infinitif
TRISTAN TZARA Pour Comte
MARCEL DUCHAMP Interview #2
KURT SCHWITTERS An Anna Blume
RAOUL HAUSMANN BBB + FMSBW
RAOUL HAUSMANN KP'ERIOUM

Compilation The Life of the Machines 4.00 stars CD
Comments:
Using Szpilman's title as title of the collection, this program of modern piano music from Roslavets' 1916 sonata to Antheil's of 1948 is intended as a glimpse at the effect on composers of the mechanization of society, a problem many authors and artists began to deal with in the late 19th century but which the horrors of World War I seem to have finally brought home to musicians. Not all of this music is machine music - Roslavets' unfinished and unpublished sonata (only discovered in the 1990s) is an example of his use of a synthetic chord (inspired, of course, by Scriabin) out of which the entire 17-minute work develops - and not all of it sees something sinister in the machine. Szpilman's 1933 suite (both it and the Roslavets are not otherwise available on CD) is actually good-natured, like a cute little perpetual-motion machine happily humming along - the exact opposite of Antheil's brief 1922 depiction of machines breaking down. Nothing else here is exactly standard repertoire (this is the only available recorded composition by Szpilman who was, of course the real-life pianist in Roman Polanski's film The Pianist) and EDA, as always, provides lengthy (almost nine pages in English), detailed and well-translated notes.

Vladimir Stoupel- Piano

WLADISLAW SZPILMAN (1911-2000): Suite The Life of Machines
ALEXANDER MOSOLOV (1900-1973): Sonata No. 4
NIKOLAI ROSLAVETS (1881-1944): Sonata No. 2
GEORGE ANTHEIL (1900-1959): Sonatina Death of the Machines, Sonata No. 4
CONLON NANCARROW (1912-1997): Sonatina

Compilation Repertoire de Stijl - Bauhaus - Dada 4.00 stars CD
Comments:
An overview of the avant-garde piano repertoire of Pétro van Doesburg, performed at various De Stijl, Dada and Bauhaus soirees in Europe between 1920 and 1925. Born in Holland in 1899, Pétro met De Stijl movement founder and propagandist Theo van Doesburg in 1920. Over the next decade the couple lived in Wiemar (where Theo was associated with the influential Bauhaus art and architecture school) and then Paris. A Conservatory-trained pianist, Pétro accompanied her husband's lectures with selected modernist piano pieces, and also performed at Salon Dada soirees organised by Theo with Kurt Schwitters in Holland and Germany in 1922/23. Following Theo's death in 1931, Pétro established the De Stijl archive and was a buyer for Peggy Guggenheim. She died in 1975. The material on this 76 minute CD includes pieces by Erik Satie, Josef Matthias Hauer, Arnold Schoenberg, Francis Poulenc, Arthur Honegger and Jacob van Domselaer, whose austere Proeven van Stijlkunst (1913-17) offers an application of Piet Mondrian's neo-plastic principles to musical composition.

GIAN FRANCESCO MALIPIERO Barlumi (1917)
JACOB VAN DOMSELAER Proeven Van Stijlkunst (1913-16)
FRANCIS POULENC Trois Mouvements Perpétuels (1918)
JOSEF MATTHIAS HAUER Tanz Op. 10 (1915)
VITTORIO RIETI Tre Marcie Per Le Bestie (1920)
ARNOLD SCHOENBERG Sechs Kleine Klavierstuecke Op. 19 (1911)
ARTHUR HONEGGER Trois Piéces Pour Piano (1915-19)
ERIK SATIE Ragtime Parade (1919)
DANIEL RUYNEMAN Hallucinate (1915)
EGON WELLESZ Eklogen Op. 11 (1912)
NINO FORMOSO Ti-Ta-To (1918) illustration

The music is performed by Peter Beijersbergen van Henegouwen on piano, so this is not a historical recording by Pétro van Doesburg.