Ivan Yevstafyevich Chandoshkin (1747 29 or 30 March 1804) was a Russian Empire violinist and composer of Ukrainian Cossack origin. He has been described as "the finest Russian violinist of the eighteenth century".
Ivan Chandoshko was born into a cossack family near Myrhorod. He was related to the family of Hetman Danylo Apostol. Ivan's father Ostap was trained as a tailor, but eventually became a professional French horn and percussion player in the court orchestra of Tsar Peter III. Ivan studied under Tito Porta with other Italian influences being Domenico dall’Oglio and Pietro Peri. He was a musician at the Russian court from 1765, of which he later became kapellmeister, and he taught violin at the Yekaterinoslav Musical Academy, founded by Potyomkin[disambiguation needed] in 1785, but after the death of Potyomkin Khandoshkin was forced to resign by Giuseppe Sarti who considered his rival, and he returned to St. Petersburg in 1789.
Chandoshkin extant works comprise six violin sonatas and several variation cyclces based on folk songs. His music (primarily for the violin) is comparable to music by his contemporaries such as Giuseppe Tartini's student, Antonio Lolli (whose stunts on the violin preceded Paganini), Gaetano Pugnani, Ludwig Spohr, and many others. His music was unfamiliar to the average western ear until recently, when violinist Anastasia Khitruk discovered some of the sheet music and began performing several works, and later recorded them for Naxos in St. Petersburg at St. Cathrine's Church in 2005.