Michail Gnessin

Michail Gnessin (1883-1957) came from the family of a rabbi. His three sisters founded a music institute in Moscow, which still exists under the name "Gnesin-Academy of Music". Gnesin himself taught composition there. Among his students were Aram Chatschaturjan and Tichon Chrennikow.

In 1921 Gnessin traveled to Palestine, where he remained for almost one year. He lived there like a hermit in a remote guest house between Tel Aviv and Jerusalem. There where he composed his opera "Abraham's youth" based on old talmudic legends - the first Jewish national opera. This work was a kind of credo in which he answered the question about his artistic and human identity.

In the mid 1920s Gnessin became chairman of the Society for Jewish Music in Moscow. When the political pressure increased, Gnesin fought for the society's continued existence. He knew that he would put himself in mortal danger, if he defended himself against the discriminations against Jewish music. While masses of people were vanishing in Gulags, he still had the courage to support the freedom of art. After the society was forced to discontinue its work in 1930 and Jewish music was no longer allowed to exist in Russia, Gnessin offered passive resistance - he did not compose at all for a number of years

http://www.musica-judaica.com/gnesin_e.htm

Year / Artwork Title Importance Medium
1906-1908 After Shelley Opus 4 4.00 stars 5 CD
Arthur Bliss Comments:
Russian Philharmonic Orchestra cond. Konstantin Krimetz
1914 Requiem for String Quartet and Piano, Op. 11 4.00 stars 5 CD
Arthur Bliss Comments:
Moscow Solists Ensemble
1917 Songs of a Knight Errand Opus 28 4.00 stars 5 CD
Arthur Bliss Comments:
Moscow Solists Ensemble
1926 The Jewish Orchestra at the Ball in Nothingtown Opus 41 4.00 stars 5 CD
Arthur Bliss Comments:
Russian Philharmonic Orchestra cond. Konstantin Krimetz
1933 Adygeya Opus 48 4.00 stars 5 CD
Arthur Bliss Comments:
Moscow Solists Ensemble
? Characteristic Melodies (3) to The Stone Guest, Op. 51
4.00 stars 5 CD
Arthur Bliss Comments:
Kirill Rodin - Cello
Andrei Pisarev - Piano
1943 Trio for Piano and Strings Opus 63 4.00 stars 5 CD
Arthur Bliss Comments:
Moscow Solists Ensemble