Paul Hindemith
Biography

Respected as one of the most distinguished viola-players of his time, Hindemith devoted the earlier part of his career to performance, first as a violinist and then as violist in the Amar-Hindemith Quartet, while developing his powers as a composer and his distinctive theories of harmony and of the place of the composer in society. His name is particularly associated with the concept of Gebrauchsmusik, and the composer as craftsman. He was prolific in composition and wrote music in a variety of forms. Attacked by the National Socialists, he left his native Germany in 1935, taking leave from the Berlin Musikhochschule, where he had served as professor of composition for some eight years. In 1940 he settled in the United States, teaching at Yale University, a position he combined after the war with a similar position at the University of Zurich. He died in his native city of Frankfurt in 1963.

Operas and Stage Works
Hindemith found himself in open conflict with the National Socialist government of Germany in 1934 with his opera Mathis der Maler, the banning of which brought about the resignation of the conductor Furtwängler from his official positions. He derived a symphony of the same title from the opera. The dance legend Nobilissima visione, based on the life of St. Francis of Assisi and first performed in London in 1938, is better known in occasional instrumental excerpts, although there is a concert suite from the work.

Orchestral Music
In addition to the Mathis der Maler Symphony, the Symphonic Metamorphoses on Themes of Carl Maria von Weber is in general repertoire. Hindemith wrote concertos for various solo instruments. Of these the concertos for his own instrument, the viola, are notable, in particular the attractive Der Schwanendreher (The Swan-Drover), based on folk-songs, and Kammermusik no. 5, also a viola concerto.

Chamber Music
Among the various duo sonatas written by Hindemith, there are sonatas for violin and piano and for viola and piano that are of interest. The sonata repertoire provided for tuba, double bass, horn, harp, trumpet, viola d'amore, cor anglais and other instruments is of interest,as are the three organ sonatas.

Piano Music
Apart from his three Piano Sonatas and sonatas for two pianos and for piano duet, Ludus Tonalis is the most ambitious work for piano, a set of fugues and interludes through the keys, in the manner of J.S. Bach, preceded by an introduction that is inverted in conclusion.

Year / Artwork Title Importance Medium
1917 Drei Gesaenge fuer Sopran und Orchester 4.00 stars CD
Paul Hindemith - Nusch-Nusch-Tänze (Dance Suite) Review:
Susan Bullock
BBC Philharmonic cond Yan Pascal Tortelier
1917-1919 Moerder Hoffnung der Frauen 4.00 stars CD
Paul Hindemith - Nusch-Nusch-Tänze (Dance Suite) Review:
Expressionist Drama by Oscar Kokoska

Solist,
RIAS Kammerchor und Radio-Symphonie Orchester Berlin cond. Gerd Albrecht

1920 Nusch-Nusch-Tänze (Dance Suite) 4.00 stars  LP
Paul Hindemith - Nusch-Nusch-Tänze (Dance Suite) Review:
Berlin Symphony Orchestra cond. Arthur Grüber
1920 Nusch-Nusch-Tänze (Dance Suite) 4.00 stars CD
Paul Hindemith - Nusch-Nusch-Tänze (Dance Suite) Review:
BBC Philharmonic cond Yan Pascal Tortelier
1921 Sancta Susanna 4.00 stars CD
Paul Hindemith - Nusch-Nusch-Tänze (Dance Suite) Review:
Opera in one act from a text by August Scramm

Synopsis:

The opera opens in a convent at night, the protagonist, Susanna (soprano), lying in prayer in front of an alter. She is approached by a number of figures, the most prominent of whom is Sister Clementia (contralto), who states that Susanna is sick, and scarcely live[s] on this earth any longer. The dialogue is underpinned by a high pedal in the organ, and - in conjunction with conventionally extra-musical sounds such as that of belfry bells, - heightens ones sense of total immersion, and helps reinforce the ritualistic and religious themes.

Susanna finds herself increasingly seduced and overpowered; initially by the sweet scents and sounds entering through the chapel window, but soon by the physical presence of her maid-servant, and her lover. Following a Latin invocation of Satan by Susanna, she is cautioned by Sister Clementia, with the tale of a nun, who gave in to her erotic fantasies, and as a punishment was bricked up behind the alter. Susanna, no longer capable of abstaining, discards her veil, rips the loin cloth from the crucifix in front of her, and demands such punishment from the nuns, who have now congregated around her. Musically, this finale consists of a giddying, sequence in woodwind and strings, abruptly cut off by a piercingly dissonant, yet dynamically restrained chord in the upper strings. Following this, vocal and brass forces compete the nuns all now chanting Satana - in what is both a deafening and densely scored series of chordal exchanges,.

Solists
Leeds Festival Chorus
BBC Philharmonic cond. Yan Pascal Tortelier

1922 Kleine Kammermusik Opus 24 No 2 4.00 out of 5 stars LP
Hindemith - Kleine Kammermusik Opus 24 No 2 Comments:
Vienna Wind Solists
1922 Der Dämon 4.00 stars LP
Paul Hindemith - Der Dämon Review:
Concert Suite from the ballet performance

Stuttgart Solisten cond. Arthur Grüber

1922 Der Dämon 4.00 stars CD
Paul Hindemith - Der Dämon Review:
Concert Suite from the ballet performance

Josef Christof - Piano
Gewandhausorchester Leipzig cond. Lothar Zagrosek

ENTARTETE MUSIK

1922 Der Dämon 4.00 stars CD
Paul Hindemith - Nusch-Nusch-Tänze (Dance Suite) Review:
Complete Ballet Pantomine in two parts

Members of RIAS Radio-Symphonie Orchester Berlin cond. Gerd Albrecht

1922 Suite '1922' 4.00 stars CD
Paul Hindemith - Nusch-Nusch-Tänze (Dance Suite) Review:
March
Shimmy
Nachtstueck
Boston
Ragtime

Jan Marcol - Piano

1922 Suite '1922' 4.00 stars CD
Paul Hindemith - Nusch-Nusch-Tänze (Dance Suite) Review:
March
Shimmy
Nachtstueck
Boston
Ragtime

Tiny Wirtz - Piano

1922 Suite '1922' 4.00 stars CD
Arthur Bliss Review:
Shimmy

Gloria Cheng - Piano

1922 Tuttifaentchen (Suite from Christmas Play) 4.00 stars CD
Paul Hindemith - Nusch-Nusch-Tänze (Dance Suite) Review:
BBC Philharmonic cond Yan Pascal Tortelier
1924 Kammermusik No 2 Opys 36 No 1 4.00 stars CD
Paul Hindemith - Nusch-Nusch-Tänze (Dance Suite) Review:
Lee Luvisi - Piano

Louisville Orchestra cond. Jorge Mester

1924-1925 Kammermusik No 2 (Pianokonsert) 4.50 stars CD
Paul Hindemith - Kammermusik No 3 (Cellokonsert) Review:
Brilliantly played

Sviataslov Richter - Piano
Moscow Conservatory Orchestra cond. Yuri Nicolayevsky

1925 Kammermusik No 3 (Cellokonsert) 4.00 stars LP
Paul Hindemith - Kammermusik No 3 (Cellokonsert) Review:
Siegfried Palm - Cello
SWF Symphony Orchestra cond. Ernest Bour
1925-1926 Cardillac (Urfassung) 4.00 stars LP
Paul Hindemith - Cardillac (Urfassung) Review:
Synopsis:
Unlike Hindemith's other operas from the 1920s, like Moerder, Hoffnung der Frauen or Hin und Zurueck, Cardillac on the surface seems to be more traditional than those others, which reflect the Zeitoper-style that was popular at the time. After all, Cardillac is a story that takes place in a quasi-historic setting, rather than a libretto that derives from contemporary events. Yet the cynicism and irony at the core of Hoffmann's famous tale is a potent foil for issues that had a certain relevance for Hindemith's time. Cardillac is the famous goldsmith of Paris, who fabricates wonderful things and also retrieves them by theft and murder, and the plot revolves around the dilemma of revealing to the public that the beloved fabricant is also the criminal who made an entire city fearful. Surrounded by sympathetic characters, Cardillac neither recants nor confesses; rather, when his deception is revealed, Cardillac receives the murderous judgment of the crowd.

Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau - Bariton (Der Goldschmied)
Cologne Radio Choir and Symphony Orchestra cond. Joseph Keilberth

1926 Suite for mechanical organ 4.00 out of 5 stars CD
Paul Hindemith - Hin und Zurück Review:
Contains the remainders of the music for Das Triadische Ballett

Made from an old Welte piano roll, punched by Hindemith

1927 Hin und Zurück 4.00 stars LP
Paul Hindemith - Hin und Zurück Review:
Berlin Symphony Orchestra cond. Arthur Grüber
1927 Kammermusik No.7, concerto for organ & orchestra, Op. 46/2 4.00 out of 5 stars CD
Paul Hindemith - Hin und Zurück Comments:
Martin Haselbock - Organ
Wiener Symphoniker
1927 Fünf Stücke für Streichorchester Opus 44 - 4 4.00 out of 5 stars LP
Hindemth - 5 Stücke Comments:
Solist from Zagreb cond. Antonio Janigro
1930 Concert Music for Brass and Strings 4.00 out of 5 stars 2CD
Hindemth - 5 Stücke Comments:
Philharmonia Orchestra cond. Paul Hindemith
1930 Concert Music for Viola and Large Chamber Orchestra Opus 48 4.00 out of 5 stars CD
Paul Hindemith - Nusch-Nusch-Tänze (Dance Suite) Review:
Raphael Hillyer - Viola

Louisville Orchestra cond. Jorge Mester

1931 Konzertstueck fuer Trautonium und Streicher 4.00 out of 5 stars CD
Hindemth Comments:
Oskar Scala - Trautonium
Muenchener Kammerorchester cond. Hans Stadlmair
1933-1934 Mathis der Maler 4.00 stars LP
Paul Hindemith - Mathis der Maler Review:
Symphony based on Hindemith's opera with the same name.
Essential Hindemith work.

Boston Symphony Orchestra cond. William Steinburg
1936 Sonata No 3 4.00 stars CD
Comments:
Earl Wild - Piano
1936 Trauermusik für Bratsche 4.00 out of 5 stars LP
Trauermusik für Bratsche Comments:
Solists from Zagreb cond. Antonio Janigro
1937 Sonate No 1 for Organ 4.00 stars CD
Comments:
Elisabeth Ullmann - Flentrop Organ
1937 Sonate No 2 for Organ 4.00 stars CD
Comments:
Elisabeth Ullmann - Flentrop Organ
1938 Nobilissima Visione 4.00 stars LP
Paul Hindemith - Nobilissima Visione Review:
Orchester Suite

Dresdner Philharmonie cond. Heinz Bongartz

1938 Nobilissima Visione (Suite) 4.00 stars 2CD
Hindemth - 5 Stücke Comments:
Philharmonia Orchestra cond. Paul Hindemith
1939 Sonata for Trumpet and Piano 4.00 stars 3 CD
Malec Comments:
Reinhold Friedrich - Trumpet
Thomas Duis -
Piano
1939 Six Chansons 4.00 stars LP
Comments:
1. O la biche
2 .Un cygne (A Swan)
3. Puisque tout passe (Since all is passing)
4. Printemps (Springtime)
5. En hiver (In Winter)
6. Verger (Orchard)

Gregg Smith Singers cond. Gregg Smith

1939 Violin Concerto Opus 14 4.00 stars LP
Paul Hindemith - Violin Concerto Opus 14 Review:
Isaac Stern - Violin
New York Philharmonic cond. Leonard Bernstein
1940 Sonate No 3 for Organ 4.00 stars CD
Comments:
Elisabeth Ullmann - Flentrop Organ
1940 Symphony In E Flat 4.00 stars cd
Review:
London Philharmonic Orchestra cond. Sir Adrian Boult
1942 Ludus Tonalis 4.00 stars LP
Paul Hindemith - Ludus Tonalis Review:
Hindemith's Well-Tempered Clavier

Käbi Laretei - Piano

1944 La Belle Dame Sans Merci 4.00 stars LP
Review:
Gregg Smith Singers cond. Gregg Smith
1945 Concerto for Piano and Orchestra 4.00 stars CD
Paul Hindemith - Nusch-Nusch-Tänze (Dance Suite) Review:
Lee Luvisi - Piano

Louisville Orchestra cond. Jorge Mester

1946 Symphonia Serena 4.00 stars 2CD
Hindemth - 5 Stücke Comments:
Philharmonia Orchestra cond. Paul Hindemith
1946 When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloomed 4.00 stars CD
Comments:
William Stone - Baritone
Jan DeGaetani - Mezzo-Soprano
Atlanta Symphony Choir and Orchestra cond. Robert Shaw
1947 Clarinet Concerto 4.00 stars 2CD
Hindemth - 5 Stücke Comments:
Louis Cahuzac - Clarinet
Philharmonia Orchestra cond. Paul Hindemith
1947 Clarinet Concerto 4.00 stars CD
Review:
Commisioned by Benny Goodman

Eduard Brunner - Clarinet
Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra cond. Urs Schneider

1949 Horn Concerto 4.00 stars 2CD
Hindemth - 5 Stücke Comments:
Dennis Brain - Horn
Philharmonia Orchestra cond. Paul Hindemith
1951 Symphony in B flat for Concert Band 4.00 stars 2CD
Hindemth - 5 Stücke Comments:
Philharmonia Orchestra cond. Paul Hindemith
1951 Symphony in B flat for Concert Band 4.00 stars CD
Comments:

Royal Northern College of Music Wind Orchestra cond. Timothy Reynish

1962 Organ Concerto 4.00 stars CD
Comments:
Anton Heller - Organ
ORF-Symphonieorchester cond. Milan Horvat
1962 Organ Concerto 4.50 stars CD
Paul Hindemith - Hin und Zurück Comments:
Martin Haselbock - Organ
Wiener Symphoniker cond. Rafael Fruhbeck de Burgos
Compilation   7 Kammermusiken (Brandenburgischen) 4.00 stars LP
Paul Hindemith - 7 Kammermusiken [Brandenburgischen] Review:
Kammermusik Nr. 1 op. 24a (1922).
Kammermusik Nr. 2 op. 36 Nr. 1 (1924), for Piano Obligato and 12 Soloinstruments
Kammermusik Nr. 3 op. 36 Nr. 2 (1925), for Violoncello Obligato und 10 Soloinstruments
Kammermusik Nr. 4 op. 36 Nr. 3 (1925), for Soloviolin and Large Chamber Orchestra
Kammermusik Nr. 5 op. 36 Nr. 4 (1927), for Soloviola and Large Chamber Orchestra
Kammermusik Nr. 6 op. 46 Nr. 1 (1927), for Viola d'amore and Chamber Orchestra
Kammermusik Nr. 7 op. 46 Nr. 2 (1927), for Organ and Chamber Orchestra

Solists from Concerto Amsterdam.